Lighthouses were once an integral part of every maritime coastal culture. Their purpose was not to look pretty, but to give ships a point of reference in dark or bad weather. Their operators resembled air traffic controllers, who were responsible for marking dangerous reefs, rocks, and shorelines so that ships could safely reach their targets. Due to the advent of modern technologies, lighthouse keepers have been largely replaced by electronic navigation systems. However, the lighthouses themselves are still standing. They are not only monuments of an obsolete technology, but are among the most beautiful and famous coastal attractions in the world.
1st Eldred Rock Lighthouse, Alaska
The Eldred Rock Lighthouse is an octagonal structure on Eldred Rock, a small island in the Lynn Canal in southwest Alaska. The lighthouse was built between 1902 and 1905 in response to several devastating shipwrecks nearby. The lighthouse was first lit in 1906 and shut down in 1973. The oldest original lighthouse in Alaska and one of the remotest in North America, the most striking sight of the Eldred Rock Lighthouse is the stunning mountain backdrop. The Eldred Rock Lighthouse Preservation Association from Haines, Alaskastrives to restore, preserve and preserve the historic lighthouse of Eldred Rock.
2. Tower of Hercules Lighthouse, Spain
The tower of the Hercules lighthouse at the entrance of the port of La Coruña in Galicia, Spainhas been in use since the late first century AD. The only fully preserved Roman lighthouse still used for maritime signals is the Tower of Hercules UNESCO World Heritage Site, The lighthouse was built on a 187 meter high rock that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean. The lighthouse was restored and extended in the 18th century. You can Visit the lighthouse every day of the week.
3. Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse, Argentina
The hotel is located in the Beagle Channel, near the town of Ushuaia on the southern tip of Argentina and pretty damn close to AntarcticThis lighthouse has earned its nickname, "The Lighthouse at the End of the World" (though it's not the one from Jules Verne's novel.) The lighthouse at the end of the world). The lighthouse, commissioned in 1920 and held in red and white stripes, is located on a small island surrounded by the beauty of the snow-capped mountain peaks of Tierra del Fuego. The lighthouse is fully automated and can not be visited by the public boat tours from the region.
4. Tourlitis Lighthouse, Greece
The lighthouse of Tourlitis looks like it's right out Harry Potter, It stands on a narrow stone spire that juts out of the Aegean Sea off the coast Greek Island Andros. Originally built in 1897, the lighthouse was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt on the rock in the early 1990s. Formed by millennia of erosion, the stone tower top is the perfect base for a lighthouse (both functional and aesthetic). A carved stone staircase leads up the rock to the building. After reconstruction, Tourlitis became the first automated lighthouse in Greece to operate without an on-site operator.
5. Pigeon Point Light Station, California
One of America's tallest lighthouses, the 115-foot Pigeon Point Lighthouse, is part of one State Historic Park is located 50 miles south of San Francisco, The lighthouse, first lit on November 15, 1872, has been modernized and is still an active US Coast Guard navigational aid. If you want to enjoy the breathtaking views of the lighthouse and the Pacific, book a room in the Hostelling International Pigeon Point Lighthouse, right next to the lighthouse.
6. Whiteford Point Lighthouse, Wales
The Whiteford Lighthouse off Wales'Gower Peninsula is the only cast-iron lighthouse in Britain surrounded by the sea at high tide. This beautiful lighthouse was built in 1865 to mark the location of Whiteford Point and its shallow waters. He was in operation until 1926. Surprisingly, this unique structure served as a target for the Royal Air Force bombing exercise during World War II, but it stalled. In 2000, the lighthouse was built for sale for $ 1.31 and was bought by a TV company that promised to renovate it. You can walk to the lighthouse at low tide, but be careful as silt and rising water can be dangerous.
7. Earhart Light, Howland Island
On Howland Island, a 648-acre, uninhabited island half way Hawaii and AustraliaEarhart Light is really alone in nowhere. In 1937, a runway was built on the island, on the Amelia Earhart could refuel during their circumnavigation. Unfortunately, she and Fred J. Noonan never did it. The island was briefly occupied during World War II, but attacks by the Japanese air and naval armies led to evacuation and partial destruction of the lighthouse – although it was rebuilt in the 1960s. Earhart Light, named after the aviator and located on the west coast of the remote island, is used as a day beacon but is in very poor condition. Howland Island is one National US Refuge and is only accessible with a permit.
8. Chania Lighthouse, Crete, Greece
The Chania lighthouseOriginally built in the 16th century, it is located opposite the Firkas fortress in the old port of Chania Greece, Today, only the base of the lighthouse dates from the 16th century, when the building was shaped like a minaret between 1824 and 1832. While the older version was known as the "Venetian Lighthouse", its modern version is called "Egyptian" because it was built when Crete was occupied by Egyptian troops supporting the Ottoman Empire against the Cretans, while visitors are not in the lighthouse You can still walk along the harbor and climb the outside staircase for a fantastic view of the Cretan Sea.
9. Portland Head Light, Maine
Portland Head Lightis located at Cape Elizabeth in Mainewas set on fire for the first time on January 10, 1791, and decommissioned and automated on August 7, 1989. This makes it one of the state's oldest lighthouses. The former Warden's quarters from 1891 have been converted into a museum with lighthouse lenses and interpretive exhibits. The tower is only open in September Open day of the lighthouse If access is very limited, but if you make it to the summit, you'll have breathtaking views of the rocky shores of Maine and the Atlantic Ocean.